Essay: The Augustinian Theodicy

Sample Essay

The Augustinian Theodicy dictates, that every sin performed is a sin that is a punishment sent by God upon man for the sin that Adam and Eve did in heaven to water the plant of evil whose seed Lucifer sowed. For the same reasons, this sin is also referred to as the Original Sin. The Augustinian Theodicy explains the reason for the balancing of the unrest of this world as well (Hexter, 2003). This is seen in the presentation of the opinion that as sin after sin prevails, there will be the coming of a Judgment Day when all the elements who have spread the sin will suffer the consequences of being banished to hell, whereas all those who refused to follow in the footsteps of Lucifer will be rewarded with Heaven. Hence, according to the Augustinian Theodicy, the birth of a child requires baptism because the child is born sinful. The Augustinian Theodicy has seen much criticism over time

On the other hand, the Irenaean theodicy brings forth the notion that God has allowed for the creation of evil in order to allow man to search for perfection and spiritual perfection in the world around him and in his own being.

Both the Irenaean and the Augustinian Theodicies stem from the creation of evil, but the first allows the existence of evil as a tool that has been designed by God to allow his creation to achieve perfection, whereas the second perceives the existence of evil as part of a sensitive relationship that man has had with God since the day man chose to disobey God for the first time and heed the sound of Lucifer instead of His.

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