The Mind/Body distinction is also known as Dualism. According to the theory of Dualism, the body and the mind are two different things, two different entities. The body is the physical matter of the world however the mind or brain bearing on intellect and conscience is not a part of the tangible universe. In the history of philosophy, different regions of the brain have been analyzed, however philosophy stresses on conscience which is the typical example to explain the difference between the mind and the body.
A suitable example would be that the body has urges, urges that at times are sinful, however in many cases conscience that is the mind controls the body and holds it back from committing the sins of the flesh. This brings to the light the fact that the mind and body are indeed different entities, one being tangible and the other mass less.
However the importance of this distinction is brought into prominence in Phaedo. According to which, the mind is an eternal form and the body is an imperfect copy of that form. It is the mind that adds intellect and intelligibility that mankind is so proud of. Without the mind, the body lacks intellect, moral values and the ability to think. Here the mind doesn’t necessarily concern the brain, as the brain itself is part of the imperfect copy that is the human body; the mind is basically the center of thoughts that process out of the brain.
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