Essay: Plato’s Perception of Justice

Sample Essay

By proposing that justice in a society is reliant on the good and evil in the souls of the individual that constitute the society, Plato diverts the focus of the prevalence of justice from social norms to the inner state of the individuals that constitute the society. When considered in comparison with modern times, it is evident that Plato’s perception of justice is extensively different from the form of justice that prevails today. In the modern day society, the provision of justice has become an issue that questions the state and form of the democracy that prevails in the state.

According to Plato, a democratic society cannot be an appropriate provider of justice because even though all men were born with the right to acquire comprehension and contribute to the establishment of the difference between good and evil, not all men possessed knowledge of this calling and often chose to spend their lives while neglecting it. It is because of this rationale that Plato considered it irrational to allow all men to part take in the decision making affairs of the State. Plato further conceded that the disbursement of justice under a system that gave unconditional relevance to opinions given by society members was riddled with faults and did not give regard to merit and value for talent, experience and knowledge. Plato, along with Socrates, believed that equality is not a trait that exists amongst men. To Plato, democracy gave power to individuals who did not have access to the capabilities and mental resources required provide justice.

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