There are essentially two types of public policies. The first kind is the vertical public policy and the second kind is the horizontal public policy. The horizontal public policy is sometimes also referred to as an integrated public policy. The vertical public policy is generally one that reflects traditional public policy establishment and implementation methods (Smith, 2003). Following a hierarchical procedure of sorts, the vertical public policy functions in a manner such that decisions are made in the senior level offices and are meant to serve as guides of the decisions to be made in lower level offices. The vertical public policy is generally developed such that it primarily exists and is established within a single organization. At the point of its establishment, the vertical policy is generally referred to as a corporate or framework establishment policy.
In generalized terms, the decisions made by the senior level offices are meant to be broad and are designed to address a multitude of aspects while ensuring that no interests are compromised. As the perspective transfers from higher departments to lower departments, the decisions made by the lower unit are such that they are meant to address unit specific issues and are therefore limited in their context and preservation of interest to the lower unit making the decision.
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