Mary I of England

Mary, I was born on 18 February 1516 and dies on 17 November 1558 was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her mother had many miscarriages, before the birth of Mary. The four previous pregnancies had resulted in a stillborn daughter and three short-lived or stillborn sons.

By the age of nine, Mary was able to read and write Latin. She studied French, Spanish, music, dance, and Greek. Despite the fact that Mary was born he was not happy that any of his wives gave him a son. Throughout her childhood m her father Henry negotiated potential future husbands for his daughter, Mary I. When she was only two years old, she was promised to the Dauphin, infant son of King Francis I of France, but the contract was repudiated after three years.

From 1531, Mary became often sick with irregular periods and depression. However, the cause of this state was not noted. She was not allowed to see her mother who was sent away from court by her father Henry.  In early 1533, Henry married Anne Boleyn, this caused Mary’s parent’s marriage to be claimed as void. Mary was no longer a princess and was seen as illegitimate, now known as “The Lady Mary”.  Furthermore, the line of succession was now transferred to her half-sister Elizabeth.

Mary had a lo0t of ups and downs in her life, one of the major ones is that in September 1554, Mary stopped menstruating. She started gaining weight and felt dizzy in the mornings, for this reasons the court such as her doctors believed she was pregnant. In a letter to his brother-in-law Philip Mary’s husband mentioned that he did not believe that Mary was pregnant, but as time passed by she did not give birth to any child making her pregnancy to be just an act.

On the other hand, her decisions on the execution of Protestants led to the name given to her “Bloody Mary”. She was the only child of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon who survived to adulthood. When Edward VI her half-brother began to become ill in 1553, he tried to put her out of the line of succession because of religious difference. On his death, Lady Jane Grey was proclaimed queen, to which Mary I formed an army in East Anglia and successfully deposed Jane, who was later beheaded.

Mary is known for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after her short life half Protestant brother Edward VI. During her rule she had 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian Persecutions.


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